One Day Seminar on Social Democracy as a Mechanism
to Foster Youth Cooperative Action in Politics
Organized by Center for Consolidation of
Democracy (CCD), Jawalakhel, Lalitpur.
19 August 2013, Lalitpur
The Center for consolidation of Democracy
(CCD) in collaboration with the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Nepal
(FES) held a one day seminar on Social Democracy as a Mechanism
to Foster Youth Cooperative Action in Politics on 19 August in
At the programme, Prof. Dr. Yagya Prasad Adhikari
of Tribhuvan University presented a working paper titled 'Social
Democracy, Party Politics and Youth Involvement in Nepal' and
Advocate Gopal Krishna Ghimire presented another paper titled
'Social democracy, legal provision and youth involvement in
Nepal'. During the program speakers and participants talked
on the topics of social democracy, existing youth policy, political
parties and its practices in Nepal.
During the opening session Prof. Dr. Yagya
Prasad Adhikari highlighted on both papers and FES representative
Dr. Chandra Dev Bhatta said that it is high time to evaluate
the implementation level of social democracy
in Nepal since 1990. The concept of Welfare State of 1990 constitution
has failed to achieve its goals in three ways;
- Economic equality,
- Political disintegration and
- Erosion in national security
We were economically dependent since before
but the graph has risen from 36% in 1990 to 70% now and trade
loss level is also very high. In past days we failed to transfer
values and principles of social democracy in people's level.
We have create two class in society especially in the area of
education system, health sector knowingly or unknowingly. We
are facing three main problems in social
- Human Rights,
- Protecting people from market's hegemony
- Political empowerment to citizens.
During the next session the two paper presenter
- Prof. Dr. Yagya Prasad Adhikari and Advocate Gopal Krishna
Ghimire presented their respective working papers.
Adhikari said, "today we are in a very crucial time even
though the date of upcoming election is declared but people
did not believe that it will happen". Political Transition
is prolonging day by day, what I am seeing is that in future
of Nepal will foster with 'Social Democracy'. Our focus should
concern with how youth involve in making society Social Democratic.
Dr. Adhikari said" social democracy is
the need of time not only for 21st but also 22nd century. Different
countries have different economic, social, political conditions
but the major character of Social Democracy is to transform
these conditions from time to time according to the country's
need. We open the door of liberalization before being clear
on its consequences. It also shows that our planners were not
concerned about poverty eradication and social inequality.
He added that" In the constituent assembly,
election manifesto of various political parties silent on the
issue of youth policy even though, those who had written were
not much more concern on implementation level.
In his paper Adhikari mainly focused on the
issue of socialism within our context, socialism and mobilization
of youth, youth forces and political parties, State's responsibility
on development of youth leadership, Social security and youths,
youth in politics.
In the next paper advocate ghimire said
"if we want to change the society it's not enough to focus
on political ideology it should be within the line of practical
implementation." Different agencies had different kind
definition of 'youth' especially in the area of age factor.
He had also highlighted various national and International documents
carrying youth policies such as UDHR, ICCPR, Interim Constitution
of Nepal 2007, Child Rights Act, Nepal Citizenship Act, Labour
Act, CA election Act and Election Ordinance 2070, Scholarship
Act, Education Act, National Youth policy, National Policy,
Youth and small entrepreneur employment fund, Three years interim
plan. He said "there is a strong need of youth policy;
government can formulate "Youth Commission" or "National
Youth Council". The entire plan and polices were very nice
in paper but the implementation part is very weak. He also highlighted
the issue of youth's involvement in politics. His main concerned
was those youth educated in public colleges were more involved
in politics rather than youth educated from private colleges.
As an expert Mr. Krishna Prasad Basyal,
Reader, Nepal law Campus commented on the paper. He said"
bBoth paper are excellent and have much more theoretical explanation
rather than practical aspects. Both of them touched the contemporary
issues. Mostly, they are focused on historical and present participant
of youth in politics, the legal issue of youth and adult franchise.
He said "Advocate Ghimire's paper lacks of holistic perspective
of other parties in the issue of youth. This is high time to
evaluate all the youth related laws and policy within line of
social democracy and find out the root causes of failure and
should be address by logical and rational way. There should
be added an example of analytical study in which how social
democracy worked for youth.
Floor open by chair
Suresh Bhatta, Democratic Bichar Society
said "the plan and policies related to youth were mostly
concentrated in center; it should be reached in grassroots level.
Lal babu Yadav of Patan campus said
"These days we are not serious about our nationality. The
countries in South Asia must follow Social Democracy . When
India left the principles of Social Democracy it had fallen
in crisis same as when Nepal had left the policy of social democracy
as it is in a chaotic situation.
Krishna Achrya, Democratic Professor
Association said" Even though panchayat system had single
party system it followed the norms of social democracy.
Sarad Thakur, Depatment of English,TU
said" Regular election in free student union create environment
for fostering youth leadership".
Shova Bhandari, member free student
union, Padam Kanya campus said" Beside other policies among
youth, there is need of one woman, one employment program in
Dr. Om Sharma, Padam Kanya Campus Said"
Basically, in this juncture our priority must be on public enterprises,
co-operative economy and private economy.
Advocate Sharmila Shrestha ,DLA said"
We should concern about female youth they were marginalized
Government should focus in women youth empowerment plan and
Advocate, Parshu Ram Ghimire said"We
should see democratic socialism by the lens of structuralism
and functionalism. Nepal's youth are involved in three different
times on different agenda. From
2035 b.s. to 2046 b.s. they were focused in Party Politics,
from 2046 b.s. to 2063 b.s. they were concerned on Social movements
and after 2063 they were attracted towards caste, religious,
Kunjilal Yadav, Assistant Professor,
Patan Multipal Campus said" It is bitter to said the truth
our planning commission has failed in the issue of youth policy
since its establishment.
Madhavi Katuwal, member,Nepali Congress,
Policy and Training Department said" as we know key development
of the citizen is the politics. So we should start two type
of plans; temporary and permanent for youths. Shiva Yadav, T.U
said "We have tremendous problem inside each and every
Bharat Bahadur Khadka, Ex districtic
development chair, Doti said "This topic is very importance
for Nepalese context. We were not concerned about how and why
our democracy is in dangerous situation. State should be focused
in economic and social policy. We need to practice decentralization
process like as Denmark. Our democratic culture should be reflected
on our cultural values and characters.
Lalit Balayar, Nepal Student Union said"
we were not focused in our real concerns for example our country
is agriculture based country but how many of agriculture universities
were opened in Nepal?
Binod Kayastha, Nepal
Student Union said "In short we needed there are 3 kinds
of youth activities for their betterment;
- Youth for youth,
- Youth for Others,
- Other Age group
people's effort for youth
Bhuma Pandey,Lecturer, Patan Campus
said "We must categories our youth to mobilize according
to their priorities.
Advocate Bishnu Basyal said "The
National Youth Policy 1985-1987 in insight for the youth policy
which should be added ghimire's paper.
Dr. Dinesh Bhattrai, Former Ambassador
said "The theme of this Program is very relevant in current
scenario. Both paper presenters should add the issue of youth
trafficking. We should raise the issue of 'social remittance'
of migrant youths. We should focus on the issue of Social solidarity
and role of state has to be defined in the democratic framework.
Jeevean Lal Kharel,Central member,
Nepal Student Union said ' this is a relevant time to set the
minimum educational standard for leaders?
Advocate Rashmi Prasad Pokharel's concerned
on the cause of youth migrant in large number every year from
Nepal. Subash Lamicchane, President Youth Alliance said"
Our society is encouraging the criminalization of youths day
Uttara Khanal said"I would like
to remind all of you in ancient period ram, Krishna and Buddha
all of them are youth leaders, so why not today's youth became
Concluding Remarks by Chair
We are mutually benefited from all of
you including presenters and commenter's. We will incorporate
all the suggestion and advice in the paper. This program is
our first attempts on this kind of theme. We will make these
types of program in regional level as well. We will publish
it in a standard format.
The Opening and the next sessions were
chaired by former vice-President of National Planning Comission
Dr. Jagadish Chandra Pokharel and on the seat were Mr. Dev Raj
Dahal, Head FES, Krishna Basyal Reader, Nepal Law Campus, Prof.
Dr Yagya Pd. Adhikari and Advocate Gopal Kr. Ghimire.