| Report on
National Security, Security Sector/System Reform and Civil- Security
Relation in Nepal
Submitted by: Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha
Saugat Legal Research Centre
December 19, 2008
DSP- Deputy Superintendent of Police
SP- Superintendent of Police
SSP- Senior Superintendent of Police
DIGP- Deputy Inspector General of Police
AIGP- Additional Inspector General of Police
IGP- Inspector General of Police
Nepal Ex. Police Organization (NEPO)
and Saugat Legal Research Centre (SLRC) had organized one day
seminar on National Security, Security Sector/System Reform
and Civil Security Relations in Nepal on November 16, 2008 (Mansir
1, 2065) with the support of Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES),
Nepal in Kathmandu. Honorable Deputy Prime Minister com Home
Minister, Bam Dev Gautam was the Chief Guest of the seminar.
Similarly, representatives of all political parties, members
of civil societies and security agencies (serving and former)
attended the seminar. Papers were presented by Prof. Dev Raj
Dahal, Head of FES-Nepal, Bharat Rayamajhi Brig. General (Retd.),
Dr. Govind Prasad Thapa, AIGP (Retd.), Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha,
SSP (Retd.). The seminar was considered to be successful in
the contemporary situation of Nepal. Feedback from the participants
revealed that such interaction should not be limited only in
Kathmandu but also should organize in regional basis.
After the seminar, NEPO and SLRC members consulted
Honorable Deputy Prime Minister com Home Minister Bam Dev Gautam
and Inspector General of Nepal Police (IGP), Hem Bahadur Gurung
for further such interaction programme to be organized in all
regions of Nepal. Viewing the importance of the subject Nepal
Police Headquarters supported the interaction programmes with
facilitating and directing regional level police organizations.
FES Nepal supported with logistic and published materials.
With the help of Nepal Police and FES-Nepal,
Mr. D.B. Lama, IGP (Retd.) and Chairperson of NEPO, Ganja Singh
Gurung, General Secretary of the NEPO and Dr. Chuda Bahadur
Shrestha, SSP (Retd.) organized the interaction programme on
the said subjects in the following places:
- National Police Academy, Maharajganj Kathmandu
- Central Development Region of Nepal-Hetauda
- Mid Western Region of Nepal- Nepalganj
- Far Western Region of Nepal- Dhangadi
- Western Region of Nepal- Pokhara also in
Kapilbastu, Bhairahawa, Palpa, Syangja, Damauli districts.
- Eastern Region of Nepal- Dharan
National Police Academy, Maharajganj, Kathmandu
Monday, Nov 24, 2008 (Mansir 9, 2065), Monday
A day workshop was organized in National Police
Academy on "National Security, Security Sector/System Reform
and Civil Security Relations in Nepal," for the serving
and former security personnel. Mr. Hem Bahadur Gurung, IGP was
the Chief Guest of the programme. Altogether 275 including single
women of police family were presented in the interaction programme.
Mr. Ramesh Kumar Shrestha, Police Commissioner
(AIGP) Metropolitan Police Kathmandu, welcomed the participants.
Mr. Ganja Singh Gurung shade light on the objectives of the
programme. Prof. Dev Raj Dahal (FES-Nepal) highlighted on the
national security and civil security relations in the prospect
of contemporary situation of the country. Similarly Dr. Chuda
Bahadur Shrestha presented a paper on Security Sector/System
Reform including Nepal Police. Mr. Prasanna Yonzan, Chairperson
of Wild Life Conservation Nepal (WCN), presented a paper on
the protection of biodiversity and endangered listed wildlife
of Nepal. He further appealed cooperation from the law enforcement
agencies for conservation. Mr. Hem Bahadur Gurung, IGP, remarked
on the importance of such interaction throughout the country
tuning with democratization process of Nepal. Presentation was
followed by the floor discussion and interaction. Vote of thanks
was extended by Mr. Krishna Prasad Shrestha, AIGP, Criminal
Investigation Department of Police. The programme was concluded
by the Chairperson Mr. DB Lama, (IGP Retd.) with his remarks.
At the end of the workshop, FES and WCN publications were distributed
to the participants.
Central Development Region of Nepal-Hetauda
Dec 8, 2008 (Mansir 23, 2065), Monday
The team consisting of Mr. DB Lama, IGP (Retd),
Ganja Singh Gurung and Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha left Kathmandu
on Sunday, Dec 7, 2008 for Hetauda to organize central regional
interaction programme on the subject mentioned above. In the
morning of Dec. 8, 2008, the team interacted with Mr. Ananda
Pokharel, Regional Administrator, and Government of Nepal at
his office on the said workshop and handed him with the resource
materials. Mr. Pokharel expressed his satisfaction of such programme.
The interaction programme was conducted at
the conference hall of Federation of Transportation, Hetauda
on the same day. Mr. Suresh K.C., SP of Central Regional Police
Office welcomed the participants. Mr. Ganja Singh Gurung, General
Secretary, NEPO highlighted the objectives of the programme.
Mr. Buddhi Ratna Dangol, WCN, presented paper on wildlife conservation
and role of security agencies on preventive measures. Dr. Chuda
Bahadur Shrestha presented paper on National Security, Security
Sector/System Reform and Civil Military Relations. Participants
from various districts participated actively in the floor discussion.
Dr. Shrestha and Mr. Tapendra Hamal, SSP Narayani Zonal Office
responded the queries raised by the participants. Mr. Arun Kumar
Gurung, DIGP (Retd.) extended the vote of thanks to the organizers,
resource persons and the participants. With the remarks, Chairperson
DB Lama, (IGP, Retd) concluded the interaction programme. Altogether
there were 248 participants. FES and WCN published materials
were provided to the concerned authorities and the participants.
After the workshop, the team headed for Nepalganj
and halt-age in Butwal. Early morning of Tuesday, Dec. 9, 2008
(Mansir 24, 2065), they left for Nepalganj.
Mid Western Region of Nepal- Nepalganj
Dec. 9, 2008 (Mansir 24, 2065), Tuesday
In the afternoon of Tuesday, Dec. 9, 2008,
the team participated in the interaction programme set by the
initiation of Mr. Madan Bahadur Khadka, DIGP, Mid- Western Regional
Police Office and other officials including Nepal Ex. Police
Organization in Nepalganj. Interaction programme was held in
Nepal Police Sports Hall. The programme was chaired by Mr. Ganga
Bahadur Adhikari, Inspector, (Retd). Chief and Special Guests
were Mr. DB. Lama, IGP, Retd. and Mr. Khadka, DIGP respectively.
Welcome speech was given by Mr. Shyam Kumar Tamang, SP, Retd.
Senior Vice President of Nepal Ex. Police Organization. Similarly,
Ganja Singh Gurung, highlighted the objectives of the programme.
Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha, SSP, Retd. presented paper on National
Security issues. Nepal Ex. Police, Victims of Conflict (single
women) and disabled persons participated in the floor discussion.
There were 277 participants in the seminar representing from
Nepal Police, Ex. Police and Army, Victims of Conflict both
single women and disabled. Finally, FES published materials
were distributed to the participants including academic institutions.
Far Western Region of Nepal- Dhangadi
Dec. 11, 2008 (Mansir 26, 2008), Thursday
On Dec. 10, 2008, morning the team left for
Dhangadi, Far Western Region from Nepalganj. The programme was
conducted on Dec. 11, 2008 on the parade ground of Zonal Police
Office, Dhangadi. The programme was chaired by Mr. Nanda Lal
Bohara, Vice President, Nepal Ex. Police Organization, District,
Dhangadi. Mr. Dhak Bahadur Karki, SSP, Seti Zonal Police Office,
welcomed the participants and highlighted the contemporary security
situation of Nepal. Mr. Ganja Singh Gurung shade light on the
objectives of the programme. Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha, SSP,
Retd. presented paper on National Security, Security Sector/System
Reform and Civil Military Relations. Similarly, Special Guest,
Mr. Prakash Kuwar, DIGP, Far Western Regional Police highlighted
on the importance of serving and ex. security members relations
for the maintenance of peace and security. Several security
retired members, single women and disable person participated
in the floor discussion. Chief Guest, Mr. DB Lama, IGP. Retd,
highlighted how to utilize retired security personnel in prevention
of crime and maintenance of national security by the security
organization and state. Vote of thanks was extended by Mr. Uttam
Bahadur Singh, SP, District Police, Kailali, Dhangadi. The session
was concluded by Mr. Nanda Lal Bohara. There were 93 participants
including media persons. FES published Resource materials were
distributed to the participants as well as academic institutions.
After the programme, the team left for Nepalganj from Dhangadi.
Western Region of Nepal-
Dec. 12, 2008 (Mansir 27, 2008), Friday
The team members had also requested to conduct a short interaction
programme between serving and ex. members of police in Kapilbastu
District, District Police Office, Taulihawa. Mr. Bikram Singh
Thapa, SP of Kapilbastu District welcomed the team and participants.
Mr. DB Lama, IGP, Retd. and Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha, SSP,
Retd. highlighted the purpose and the importance of interaction.
There were 16 participants in the programme. Mr. Thapa, SP,
assured to conduct periodic interaction with ex. police persons
for security matters. A set of resource materials published
by FES were provided to the participants as well as to the district
In the same day, Dec. 12, 2008, the team conducted a similar
interaction programme in Rupandehi District Police Office, Bhairahawa.
The pragramme was conducted in short notice. Here too, both
serving and retired police security personnel were briefed about
the general situation and the role of ex. police personnel in
security management. There were 30 participants in the programme.
Resource materials published by FES were provided to the participants
and the community centres.
Dec. 13, 2008 (Mansir 28, 2008), Saturday
On the way to Pokhara, the team organized to conduct similar
interaction programme in the morning at District Police Office
Palpa. Mr. Pawan Giri, DSP, District Police Office, Palpa and
other serving and retired police members were presented in the
interaction. Mr. DB Lama, IGP, Retd. and Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha,
SSP, Retd. highlighted the purpose of the interaction programme.
Here too, resource materials published by FES were provided
to the participants as well as to the district police office.
There were 15 participants.
On the same day, the team planned to conduct interaction programme
in Syangja District, Police Office, too. Mr. Gopal Rayamajhi,
DSP, of the Syangja Police Office welcomed the team and the
participants. Short interaction was held between the ex. and
serving police members. The team briefed about the national
security situation as well as traffic management. There were
17 participants in the interaction programme. Resource materials
published by FES were provided.
Western Region of Nepal-
Dec. 14, 2008 (Mansir 29, 2008), Sunday
The team could not organize interaction on
Dec. 14, 2008 in Pokhara due to the Prime Minister Puspa Kamal
Dahal's visit to Lamjung District.
Dec. 15, 2008 (Mansir 30, 2008), Monday
The regional interaction programme on "National Security,
Security Sector/System Reform and Civil Security Relations in
Nepal" was held in Armed Police Office in Pokhara. Unexpectedly,
on that day, Pokhara valley was closed due to vandalization
of academic institution by the group of students union. Many
interested people were unable to participant the programme due
to transportation problem. At the same time most of the police
were deployed on the streets to manage the irresponsive activities.
But even then, many representatives of ex. police members were
presented in the programme. Similarly, Mr. Navaraj Dhakal, regional
DIGP, Mr. Bhaktinath Majhi, Zonal SSP, Gandaki, Mr. Sudeep Acharya,
SP Armed Police, Mr. Subash Chaudhari, SP District Police including
others participated in the programme.
Mr. Majhi, SSP, Zonal Police, welcomed the
participants. Mr. Ganja Singh Gurung highlighted the objectives.
Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha presented a paper on "National
Security, Security Sector/System Reform and Civil Security Relations
in Nepal." All ranks and file of ex. police including single
women (widow), victims of conflict participated in the floor
discussion. The special guest Mr. Navaraj Dhakal, DIGP, responded
most of the queries raised by the participants in relation to
police behaviours. DB Lama, IGP (Retd.), Chief Guest of the
programme, remarked on police response towards ex. police. Mr.
Acharya, SP extended vote of thanks and Chairperson of the programme
Mr. Nar Bahadur Sherchan, Chairperson Nepal Ex. Police Organization,
Kaski District, concluded the session. There were 93 participants
in the programme. Resource materials published by FES were provided.
The team members left for Damauli.
Dec. 16, 2008 ((Poush 1, 2008), Tuesday
In the morning, the team conducted a short interaction programme
in Damauli. Mr. Rajendra Bista, DSP and other members of the
District Police Office welcomed the team. Interaction progamme
was held in the meeting hall of District Police Office. It was
interesting to know that more than 400 Nepal ex. police members
are actively working in various fields including security of
the financial enterprises. At the same time, the team came know
that there is harmonious relationship among the members of the
Nepal Ex. Police for they are asked to maintain peace and security
in various occasions by District Administration, Police and
local agencies. The team acknowledged the activities as well
as briefed the objectives of the interaction programme. Finally
the team left Tanahu for Kathmandu with distributing the FES
published materials. There were more than 50 participants.
Dec. 22. 2008 (Poush 7, 2065), Monday
The team headed by Mr. D.B. Lama, IGP (Retd.)
along with the team members Dr. Chuda Bahadur Shrestha and Mr.
Ganja Singh Gurung left for Biratnagar on Dec. 22, 2008. The
interaction programme on National Security, Civil Security Relations
and Security Sector Reform was organized by Eastern Regional
Police Office at the conference hall of the Nepal Police School,
Programme started at 12:30 pm with welcoming
by Mr. Parsuram Khatri, SSP, Koshi Zonal Office. The objectives
of the programme were highlighted by Mr. Gurung, General Secretary
of Nepal Ex. Police Organization, Central Committee. Mr. Buddhi
Ratna Dangol, briefed on wildlife conservation and the role
of serving and retired police in the prevention and detection
of such crimes. He also distributed wildlife crime book. Dr.
Shrestha, presented paper on National Security, Civil Security
Relations and Security Sector Reform and distributed resource
materials published by FES, Nepal to the participants as well
to the Government and academic institutions. The interaction
was followed with floor discussion. Many retired, disabled and
single women participated in the discussion. Mr. Sharada Bhakta
Ranjit, DIGP, Eastern Regional Police Office appreciated the
interaction programme with assuring necessary cooperation among
the serving, retired police personnel and single women for the
sake of peace, security and justice. The Chief Guest, Mr. DB.
Lama, addressed on the importance of Civil Security Cooperation
and integrated approaches of security system through people
participation. Mr. Devendra Subedi, SP of Morang District Police
Office, extended vote of thanks to the organizing committee,
resource persons and participants. Mr. Praladha Gajurel, DSP
(Retd.) and Chair of the programme concluded the session.
Although there was a strike organized by various
political parties in Mechi and some parts of the Koshi Zone
at the same time high-way obstruction of Koshi River in Sunsari
had made difficulties in smooth traveling, there were 250 participants
presented in the interaction.
The interaction programmes had the aim of
sensitizing on the said subjects to the political parties, serving
and retired security members, GOs and NGOs officials including
the concerned stakeholders from national to local level. Overall
interactive programme feedback from the participants showed
that they benefited for policy making, planning, programming
and implementing security issues in their respective field.
Since Nepal is in the transitional political phase, such interaction
plays an important role; hence, it is recommended that such
programmes should be launched in periodic basis throughout the
country. It is also recommended that relevant resource materials
should be updated, published and distributed.