Workers and Poverty
Biruddha Trade Union (Trade Union Against Poverty)
Published Year: 2005
Published by: General Federation
of Nepalese Trade Unions (GEFONT) & Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Writen By : Umesh Upadhyaya
Price: NRS 100, Pages:
Over half of the total population of
workers across the world and 60 percent workers in many
developing countries are living in abject poverty. Some
23.3 per cent of workers in many developing and least
developed nations are living in less than a dollar a day.
In terms of population, over 1.39 billion
workers live in two dollars a days and 550 million workers
making their livelihood in less than one dollar a day.
As per the statistics, 75 per cent of them live in the
villages and majority of them rely on agriculture (ILO
Conference working paper -Role of Trade Union).
It appears very paradoxical that those
who work around the clock are frustratingly poor. Why
do people become people? And what is poverty? Answer of
these thorny questions is not easy. The book entitled
"Garibi Biruddha Trade Union" (Trade Union against
poverty) published by the GEFONT defines that the reason
behind the poverty is unequal distribution of wealth or
And poverty is the inability to fulfill
the minimum need for livelihood and inability to have
access to education and health.
Even though the name of the author has
not been mentioned anywhere, the contents and subject
matters are presented in a lucid manner. The book has
dealt the poverty from the perspective of workers and
labour relations management.
The book contains five different chapters
such as - poor and poverty, International communities
in their efforts to alleviate poverty, Nepal and Nepalese
in the misery of poverty, within the gamut of conflict,
the way forward.
The first chapter in the book is about
the poor and poverty which explicitly explains the reasons
of poverty and various cases of poverty across the globe.
The second chapter deals with the efforts of international
communities for poverty alleviation.
The book contains various programmes
of international communities (like ILO, UNO and World
Bank) for poverty alleviation.
In fact, GEFONT's report not only contains
the findings, but it also presents analytical observation.
The chapter is about causes and impact
of poverty in various communities in the country.
The finding shows that the poverty in
the rural areas is skewed. Around 37.2 per cent people
were below the poverty line in 2034, which scaled up to
43.2 per cent in 2042 and 42 per cent 2046 BS.
The fourth chapter is about the impact of conflict on
poverty. This chapter analytically deals with the causes
of poverty as there had been a significant decline in
the development expenditure. Finally the fifth chapter
deals with measures to overcome poverty.
The book is very handy and contains
lots of useful information. On top of that, another prominent
quality of the book is its simplicity. Even a literate
worker and farmers can easily understand it.
However, the editor of the book should
have been more careful about interpreting the words of
the main contents. Keeping some minor flaws aside, the
book is wonderful. The efforts of latent author and GEFONT
should always be appreciated.
Source: Friday Supplement, The
Rising Nepal, 26 May 2006