Impact of Conflict
Nepal's Conflict and Its Impact
on Public Policy
Published Year: 2006
Published by: Nepal Foundation
for Advanced Studies (NEFAS) & Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Edited By : Ananda P. Srestha
& Hari Uprety
Price: Not mentioned,
Ever since the country embarked on new
political atmosphere after the restoration of democracy
in 1990 (though the People's moment-I seems to be submerged
in the oblivious state) people had harboured much expectations
that democracy would do something to improve their economic
and social condition. The voice of people had been gagged
by a handful of people for years. In fact, the 1990 movement
had played a crucial role in empowering the people. However,
political parties and their leaders failed to realize
the sentiments, which after a few years culminated into
'There is nothing dangerous like a person
who has nothing to loose.' In fact, this proverb came
true in many respects. The economic disparity between
rich and poor further widened and the people reeled under
abject poverty had no alternative other than fighting
against the establishments. The Communist Party of Nepal
(Maoist) cashed on the people's frustration in the late
1990s by waging an armed revolt.
It would be unjust to say that the armed
movement had begun with the objective of making 'new Nepal'.
As a matter of fact such logic holds no ground at all.
The conflict had begun purely on the economic background
and it was initiated by the deprived section of the society.
After the signing of Comprehensive Peace
Agreement (CPA), Nepal has entered into a new political
phase. The interconnections between public policy, pace
and development have been well recognized by the attentive
public writes Dev Raj Dahal in the forward section of
the book entitled ? Nepal's Conflict and Its Impact on
Public Policy. 'But the preservation of peace, together
with the resolution of systematic conflict is crucial
for the promotion of human rights as well as elimination
of root causes of conflict that is linked with a myriad
of grievances located at various sub-systemic levels.'
The book published by NEFAS in support
with FES (though it is the collection of seminar papers)
has helped outline the overall situation of conflict taking
place in the country. The book highlights how conflict
affected the formulation of public policies. It contains
four working papers written by experts in various fields.
In the first chapter Pradip P Upadhya
describes how conflict affected the overall situation
of political governance during the past ten years. Upadhyay
has presented a clear picture of governance from the bureaucratic
perspective. However, he has failed to mention the other
side of the story that how the Maoists movement contributed
to educate people about their political and economic rights.
P.R Ligal's paper on Impact of Conflict
on Public Policy also gives a brief account as how the
conflict affected the economic activities in the country.
While talking about Bharat Bahadur Karki's paper on the
Impact of Conflict on Dispensation of Justice, he has
tried to equate with various political situation. Nonetheless
Karki's paper gives a clear picture of justice dispensation
during the period of conflict.
The other paper presented by Lal Deosa
Rai also gives overall information about the media policies
during that period. But his paper seems to have missed
many information. In sum, the book is very informative
to understand how conflict affected different dimensions
of policy formulation and implementation.
The efforts of NEFAS and FES should
be appreciated for publishing such a worth-reading collection
of seminar papers.
Supplement, The Rising Nepal (23 February 2007)