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Basis to understand Democracy

Nepal Ma Dalharuko Loktantrikaran: Chunauti ra Samadhan (Democratization of Political Parties in Nepal: Challenges and Solutions)

Published Year: 2014

Published by: Center for Legal Consultancy and Research (CeLCAR)/ Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES)

Edited by: Bhesh Raj Adhikari

Price: Not mentioned, Pages: 191


Book Review

Nepali people have contributed in many ways in the democratic struggle. No can hide the fact that people have to bear enormous costs for this. The assault on from the extreme right and extreme left notwithstanding, people have overcome all the conspiracies, malaises and barriers. Establishment of democracy in Nepal is itself a political melodrama. It is however not flourishing owing the internal weaknesses of political parties. To analyze the reason for it a new book on the "Democratization of Political Parties in Nepal: Challenges and Solutions have appeared in the market. This book edited by Bhesh Raj Adhikary probes deeper into nuances of the problems of democratization of political parties in Nepal. Although many of the ideas encapsulated in the papers included here are the frequent expressions of Nepali intellectuals and political leaders.

Democracy should have been established for the addressing the legitimate concerns of ordinary public instead of a source of income of few clever, crook and smart leaders. As a result, despite the long journey of democracy in Nepal people have not felt feeling of democratic dividends. Even those engaged in democratic struggle lack democratic process and political culture. Analyzing the weaknesses of political parties, constitutional Expert Kashi Raj Dahal's comment on political parties is apt one: "Without the fairness of political parties' activities social and economic transformation cannot be easy. Good governance cannot be realized and the responsive and robust state system cannot be strengthened by the political activities enmeshed in don and wealth.

Raising electoral cost, deviation of political parties from norms, ready to make any kind of promise but remain apathetic to its fulfillment, talk on the game of consensus put exclusive power play, power-centric politics, anomalies seen in proportional election system, and the state rooted into the labyrinth of corruption."

In the book CPN-UML leader K. P. Sharma Oli has written on "Party-Building in Nepal: Problem and Solution," female leader Bidya Devi Bhandari's "Democracy and Leadership," leader Shankar Pokhrel's Democratization of Political Life of Parties for Conflict Resolution," leader Pradip Gyawali's "Resolution of Inner Party Conflict and Democracy Consolidation," articles are mentioned in the book. NC leader N. P. Saud's "Intra-party Conflict Resolution and Strengthening Democracy," UCPN Maoist leader Giriraj Mani Pokhrel's "Impact of Intra and Inter Party Conflict's Impact on democracy," Senior Journalist Purushottam dahal, Hikmat Karki, Dev Raj Dahal and Bhesh Raj Adhikary's articles are also included in the book.

Conflict is intrinsic part of democratic life without it social processes cannot move forward. Senior Journalist Dahal has written, "In democracy there are few basis of conflict eruption. First basis is differences of ideologies. But, players must have to follow the rules of the game rather than play foul on the basis of ideology which is political dishonesty. In developing countries extremists apply such dishonesty.

The book is well conceived. Still, the short comments of participants placed in each chapter reduces its weight. All the discussion should have been kept separately at the end of the book to make it more systematic. Another weakness is editing part. Perhaps Adhikary knows about it well.

Source: Budhabar Weekly (Nepali), 25 June 2014

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