Nepal in the Press 2016
bill reeks of conspiracy: Gautam <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, Dec 28: CPN-UML vice-chairman Bam Dev Gautam
Wednesday said that the constitution amendment bill was
brought with the motive of harming the nation's territorial
"There is a conspiracy behind registering the amendment
bill as it seeks to split the Terai from the hills,"
Gautam said while addressing a seminar 'The challenges
of statute implementation and end of deadlock', jointly
organised by the Contemporary Research Centre (CRC) and
FES, Nepal Office.
The UML vice-chair said that he was bemused by the logic
that the hills should be segregated from the Terai belt
at any cost.
"In the 4,000-year-long history, the Terai was never
separated from the mountains and hills. Even ancient kings
from the Terai state had the hills and mountains as parts
of their state," he said, adding that it was up to
the concerned provincial assemblies to change the boundaries
of the provinces.
Gautam said that the ruling parties had forcefully pushed
the bill by bypassing the main opposition, UML, which
played a crucial role in writing the new constitution.
Chairman of the Administrative Court Kashi Raj Dahal
said that the nation had got a democratic constitution
but it sorely lacked a democratic culture.
"The parties are indulging in power politics, only
helping to prolong and complicate the transition,"
Urging the political parties to take a collective decision
in a wise manner, he noted that the rule of law, strong
security and effective service delivery were vital in
addressing the challenges arising from the federal exercise.
FES, Nepal Office head Dev Raj Dahal said that a coalition
of progressive and social democratic actors was needed
to reclaim the state and build a strong political network
to help achieve the integrity of public institutions and
eliminate the toxic agents of the system, mediate the
social interest, ideology and identity through the golden
mean and promote good life of the citizens.
"This demands inter-generational redistribution
of wealth, power and recognition and move both citizens
and leaders towards maturity," Dahal added.
CRC chairman Ganeshman Gurung said that unity in diversity
was the asset of the Nepali society, and this must not
UML lawmaker Lal Babu Yadav said that the 16-point deal,
reached among the major three parties - Nepali Congress,
UML and CPN-Maoist Centre - was the first independent
decision taken by the Nepali political actors since the
"The agreement led to the promulgation of the statute,
but the leaders did not go to the villages to inform the
people about the constitution. This gave a space for some
elements to spread rumours against the statute,"
NC leader NP Saud urged the UML to let the House run
and solve the deadlock through it.
"Democracy should give space to the disgruntled
voices. It is necessary to go to the polls by forging
consensus among the major parties," he added.
CPN-Maoist Centre lawmaker Nisha Kumari Shah said that
the statute had recognised the elements of identity and
NC lawmaker Man Bahadur Bishwokarma said that it was
a challenge to hold the three-tier elections by January
Another NC lawmaker Badri Pandey called for respecting
the principle of the separation of powers.
UML lawmaker Meena Pun said that nowhere in the world
was the constitution all-acceptable.
Lawmakers Balbir Chaudhari, Dil Bahadur Nepali and Surendra
Chaudhari also expressed their views at the seminar attended
by people from different walks of life, including 40 lawmakers.
Source: The Rising Nepal (29 December 2016)
struggle to national identity: Experts <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, Dec 17: The Nepalese youth have to struggle
for creating coherent national identity at a time when
mini identities have weakened the nation's strength and
unity, said participants in the capital other day.
"The youth have to clean up politics and make it
a means of service to the society and nation," they
said at a national seminar jointly organised by the Scholl
of Democracy and the FES, Nepal.
Nepali Congress central committee member and lawmaker
Min Bishwokarma said that the youth was the agent of democracy.
"Democracy cannot sustain just by writing about
it in the constitution or just talking about it. I would
like to quote Bhimrao Ambedkar. He had said that until
and unless democracy is socialized, it becomes a game
of elites," he said
FES, Nepal Office head Dev Raj Dahal said that Nepali
youths had to struggle for the formation of national identity
based on citizenship as it removed the binary code of
politics played on friend and foe and foster common background
condition for the resolution of interest, ideology and
identity related conflicts.
"This means Nepali youths must regain the capacity
for feeling towards national life, if they are properly
informed by the general condition of people and history
of nation-building," added Dahal.
Lawmaker Lal Babu Yadav said that Nepal had never witnessed
ethnic, regional and territorial conflicts.
"There is a ploy not to make dalits, Madhesis and
women as citizen in the name of politics of identity and
inclusion," he said.
Ex-registrar of Supreme Court Ram Krishna Timalsina said
that nationalism could not be built and saved by tearing
down the history and geography.
He said that federalism stressed the self-rule and shared-rule
but today it had been confined to the constitution.
CPN-Maoist centre central committee member Lekhnath Neupane
volleyed many questions to the youth: Is politics a social
service or profit-making venture? How to fight against
consumerism within the political parties? Where lie the
sovereignty of cadres in the operation of parties and
leaders' free decision-making capacity?
"Every cadre has to do soul-searching as to why
s/he has joined the given political parties," he
Nepal Trade Union Congress chairman Khilanath Dahal said
that as over 500,000 youths joined the labour market,
it had now become urgent to focus on the employment generation.
Pushpa Kumar Shahi, acting president of Nepal Student
Union, said that the youth were the agent of change and
Acting president of School of Democracy Sanjay Mishra
said that it was necessary for the forceful intervention
in the organs of the state and at the same time they had
to build their capacity and ability.
Source: The Rising Nepal
(18 December 2016)
role not effective <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, Dec 12: The role of civil society has not been
effective in the aftermath of earthquake and constitution
promulgation, said participants at a function in Kathmandu
"The civil society should link between the state
and people, and be active to provide relief to the victims
of the earthquake," they shared their views at a
national seminar 'The role of civil society after the
earthquake and statute promulgation.
It was jointly organised by the Nepal Foundation for
Advanced Studies (NEFAS) and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung
FES Nepal office head Dev Raj Dahal said that the state
should have ownership of politics, law and development
"The people and state are sovereign but they have
now become weak. Quite the contrary, those institutions,
which are not sovereign, are getting stronger," said
He said that the civil society had to explore the middle
ground to connect the divergent social and political groups.
"The civil society should be autonomous and enlightened."
Senior journalist P. Kharel said that the Nepalese civil
society had been divided into different political groups
and, therefore, they were unable to play their effective
and independent role.
NEFAS executive director Ananda Shrestha called for giving
a fair crack of whip to the youth in the political leadership
so as to bring a viable change to the country.
"There should be the age limit for the politicians;
the Prime Minister should not be allowed more than two
terms in office and one must be a graduate to be a lawmaker,"
Lawmaker Lalbabu Yadav admitted that the parties failed
to go to the people in the aftermath of the promulgation
of the new constitution and inform them about its positive
Former vice-chair of National Planning Commission professor
Gunanidhi Sharma said that the identity of the state would
be in jeopardy if every ethnic and cultural group attempted
to seek their own identity at the expense of country.
Professor MP Lohani said that it had become tricky to
define the term 'civil society' as it had been highly
partisan and incoherent.
Assistant professor Roshan Pokharel and social analyst
Naresh Rimal had presented their working papers 'Democracy,
Constitution and Law' and 'Community Resilience and Post
Reconstruction in Nepal: Civil Society Perspective' respectively.
In his paper, Pokhrel cautioned that the new constitution
could breed new lines of conflict if the people failed
to enjoy fundamental rights enshrined in the new constitution.
Rimal said that there was the need for meta-disciplinary
public administration and management for offering solution
and readiness for disaster risk minimization for community
The people from different walks of life attended the
Source: The Rising Nepal
(13 December 2016)
in Rural Areas <Top>
The Public Correspondent, December 3, Gaushala
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has conducted a two-day civic
awareness program to raise the issue of building the state
and patriotism at a time when the nation is reeling under
the vortex of constitutional amendment. FES has organized
this program in Phul Kumari Mahato School of Bandipur,
Sirha District on Friday focusing on issues of contemporary
relevance and political change. Over 200 participants
attended the program. They said that owing to a lack of
vision in political leadership and their selfish interests
have impeded the solution of problems the nation now is
Chief Guest of the program and chairman of High Level
Administrative Reform Commission Kashi Raj dahal said
that due to partisan interest and short-sighted vision
of political parties the Constitution of Nepal 2015 failed
to become a road map for the creation of a national political
system. He added that all Nepali citizens should stand
in a common platform for the protection of national interest
and proper utilization of natural resources for development.
For the effective service delivery all the state organs
should be effective, active and robust.
Head of FES Nepal Office Dev Raj Dahal spoke on the need
to promote active citizenship for state building and enable
it to resolve national problems and make the leaders accountable
to democratic political culture. The country has become
a prisoners of indecision of political leaders. He said
that education sector is less reflective of national condition
and needs while absence of business-friendly environment
is causing capital flight.
In the program Chief District Officer Sri Krishna Shrestha
of Sirha District argued that in the absence of learning
about duties, constitutional rights have become ineffective.
The field coordinator of FES Shiva Raj Dahal said that
FES has executed civic education program in over 300 place
of 67 districts of the country promoting public awareness
about democracy, citizenship and peace. Organized under
the chairman of school Jagar Nath Yadav, District Education
Officer Arbinda Lal Karna and many others shared their
Source: The Public (3 December
weakened: experts <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, Nov 26: Politicians and experts Saturday called
for enlightening the people about their rights and duties
enshrined in the new constitution in order to implement
"Until and unless the people are not well informed
about the core contents of the statute, the nation building
task does not gain momentum," they shared their views
at a national seminar entitled 'Constitutional approach
to nation building in Nepal' jointly organised by the
Martyrs Memorial Foundation (MMF) and Friedrich Ebert
Stiftung (FES) in Kathmandu.
The speakers, paper presenters and participants were
in unison to state that Nepali state had dangerously become
weak as power superseded knowledge and the leaders lost
touch with the people.
Minister for Physical Infrastructure and Transport Ramesh
Lekhak said that the constitution linked the people with
"The constitution is not a dogmatic document but
a living one that must ensure the ownership of majority
of populace," said Lekhak, adding that national agenda
ahead of them was to make the national charter acceptable
to the majority of the people and implement it through
the three-tier elections.
He called for finding a middle path to sort out the current
impasse in the statute amendment.
MMA chairman Dhundiraj Shashtri noted that realising
goals of socialism was the need of the hour as the people
were yearning for equality and prosperity.
Dev Raj Dahal, FES, Nepal Office head, said that national
political parties must have to make a 'common cause' with
each other and politically significant groups of society
to implement the constitution and carve a viable path
of democracy, nation building, reconciliation and social
"Election of local self-governance bodies ensures
stability and inclusion, restores the right of citizens
to decide themselves and a return to the effective governance,"
added head of FES, a German political foundation that
promotes values of social democracy, justice, peace and
Nepal Student Union president Nain Singh Mahar said that
it was the duty of the political parties to make the people
understand the inner contents of the statute in order
to increase their access to the constitutional rights.
MMA general secretary Khilanath Dahal said that the martyrs
laid down their lives for the brighter future of the Nepalese
"The martyrs had envisioned social dignity, cultural
preservation and economic prosperity but their dreams
have not yet been met," he said.
Senior journalist Yuvaraj Gautam said that democracy
in Nepal got enfeebled each passing year despite the big
Santosh Pariyar, a lecturer of political science, said
that nation building was a project to make a country for
all differences and make it a common place for all for
peace, prosperity and happiness.
Lawyer Shanta Sedhai urged for embracing the women issue
as national agenda by rising above the partisan interests.
Trade union activists, workers from different political
parties, students and media people attended the one-day
seminar where three working papers were presented and
Source: The Rising Nepal (27 November 2016)
SC ahead in implementing
federalism: CJ Karki <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, Nov 23: Politicians and bureaucrats Monday
called for ending the transition at the earliest by sorting
out the disputes besetting the new constitution.
"Strengthening national unity and making the political
parties accountable are necessary to ensure good governance,"
they said at a national seminar 'Constitution implementation
and accountability', jointly organised by the High Level
Administration Reforms Implementation and Monitoring Committee
and FES, Nepal office.
Addressing the seminar, Chief Justice Sushila Karki said
that the judiciary had made a resolve to implement the
"The Supreme Court is the first among other state
organs to implement federalism, a key move in the direction
of the statute's implementation," said Chief Justice
Karki said that the SC had announced setting up a High
Court in seven provinces, and judges were working hard
to settle the court cases in a proportionate manner.
"Since the nation had made huge investment and the
lawmakers great efforts in writing the national charter,
it is imperative for all to implement it to achieve peace
and development," she said and added that the leadership
should maintain restraint during transition as it has
witnessed many problems cropping up.
Appreciating the progressive provisions of the national
charter, the Chief Justice said that constitutional provisions
related to proportional representation of the marginalised
people were rarely found in the statutes of other nations.
Former Speaker and CPN-UML Parliamentary Party deputy
leader Subas Nembang said that the political parties stood
on a common ground when it came to ideology but got pulled
in opposite directions when it came to implementing it.
"A total of 128 new laws need to be framed to hold
the elections, but the government had stopped sending
vital electoral Bills to the parliament," Nembang.
He said that the process of implementing the statute
was slow or it almost came to a complete halt.
"The constitution contains directives and guidance,
but it does not offer intelligence, wisdom and aptitude
no matter how good it is," he said.
He called on the parties that stood together to bring
down the autocratic regime again to come to one place
to implement the statute.
Chief Election Commissioner Chief Dr Ayodhi Prasad Yadav
said that no election laws had landed on the table of
"The EC is able to conduct the elections if it is
granted at least 120 days from the day of the announcement
of the poll date. It is a must to hold the elections at
all levels in a fair and free manner to implement the
statute and ensure good governance," said Dr Yadav.
Chairman of the High Level Administration Reforms Implementation
and Monitoring Committee Kashi Raj Dahal said that the
nation could come out of the transition if the major political
parties took collective decisions to implement the post-conflict
"Election is the key to legitimise the changes and
ensure the rule of law," he said.
Dahal noted that the people were yearning for development,
and it was up to the political parties not to let latent
conflicts to flare up.
Chief secretary Som Lal Subedi said that it would be difficult
to implement the statute if there was no culture of constitutionalism.
"Restructuring the administration into the federal
map won't be successful if the civil servants focussed
only on where their position was and what they gained
from it," he said.
Subedi called for taking wise and ruthless decisions
to shape the bureaucracy into the federal structure.
Former minister Lal Babu Pandit urged all to keep the
nation's interest first and said that no Madhesi leader
had signed any treasonous agreement to this day.
Former Nepali Congress leader NP Saud said that the amendment
to the constitution was for bringing the marginalised
groups into the mainstream.
Source: The Rising Nepal (24 November 2016)
education strengthens democracy <Top>
By Our Correspondent
Dumre, Tanahu, Nov. 11: Experts have called for promoting
civic education to free the nation from various anomalies,
thereby strengthening social harmony and democratic institutions.
"Students need to be instilled with civic and moral
values in order to take the nation on the right track.
Civic education help control corruption and gain political
stability," they said at a seminar entitled 'Civic
Education in the National Context' organised at Dumre,
Tanahu other day.
The Nepal Foundation for Advanced Studies (NEFAS), in
coordination with the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES),
organised the seminar.
Former Vice-Chairman of National Planning Commission Dr
Guna Nidhi Sharma said that the Nepali society was strongly
craving for economic development in line with the new
statute that has envisioned building a socialist-oriented
Dr Sharma said that it was necessary to do soul-searching
as to who had benefited from the economic liberalisation.
"It has triggered incongruous development and created
vast inequality in the society."
He said that happiness should be the aim of development
as material hunger had no limitation.
NEFAS director Ananda Shrestha said that naturalized
citizens should not be allowed to hold high public posts
until three generations of theirs had lived in Nepal.
Shrestha underlined the need for electing leaders with
a clean image. He called on the youth to join the politics
to clean up it.
FES programme officer CD Bhatta said that there should
be balance between freedom and equality.
Bhatta said that civic education was the need of the
day and students should absorb its values should. "Nepal's
diversity should be taken as strength, not liability."
NEFAS programme officer Shiva Raj Dahal said that the
citizens should be conscious, active and competent to
make the state strong.
Stating that they should be aware of their rights and
duties, Dahal noted that the civic education was the key
to maintaining ethnic goodwill, religious tolerance and
class balance. "It is imperative for the youth to
understand the universal values of democracy so that they
will be accountable to the society and nation."
Lawyer Roshan Pokhrel warned that the nation would be
mired into new kinds of constitutional conflicts after
the people started filing writs at the Supreme Court,
demanding that the state implement the fundamental rights
enshrined in the statute.
"The principle of the separation of powers should
be strictly abided by in order to ensure rule of law and
constitutionalism," added Pokhrel.
Chairman of the management committee of Chij Kumar-Bishnu
Kumari Community Campus Man Bahadur Shrestha said that
there was the need for changing the mindset to develop
He lauded the organizers for conducting the seminar on
civic education, which he said, had become very important
in the present context.
Teachers, representatives of different political parties
and civil society members attended the programme.
Source: The Rising Nepal (12 November 2016)
in social democratic path <Top>
National News Agency
Kathmandu: September 3
Leader of Nepali Congress Dr. Ram Sharan Mahat says that
the country is moving along social democratic system.
Speaking in a program organized by Center for Consolidation
of Democracy (CCD) on Saturday on "Rebuilding Nepal
through Social Democratic Approach," Dr. Mahat said
that due to social democracy rural Nepal is gaining access
and facilities to motorable road, education, health and
He said that before 25 years only 40 percent of the people
could get safe drinking water, now it has reached to 85
percent, average age was 45 years now it is 71 years,
poverty was 49 percent, now it has been reduced to 23
percent. All these are the achievements of social democracy.
Dr. Mahat also said that Nepali Congress government has
contributed to the growth and expansion of democratic
Deputy General Secretary of CPN-UML Ghanashayam Bhusal
said that vote buying through money and pouring liquor
to the voters during election cannot strengthen social
democracy. He said that protection of social democracy
requires unity among the parties. "Implementation
of constitution can protect social democracy and lead
the country to progress" he said. Central Committee
member of Nepali Congress Party Kalyan Gurung accused
the leaders that when they are catapulted into power they
forget democratic socialism. He asserted that putting
people in scarcity and the nation in crisis cannot institutionalize
democracy. Central Committee member of NC Kiran Yadav
said that unless the problem of Madhesi comes to conclusion,
democratic socialism cannot leap forward. She said that
the country can move ahead only with the values of social
Chairman of Nepal Student Union Nain Singh Mahar said
that since the constitution is drafted along social democratic
line, law and policies should be formulated accordingly.
Chairman of CCD Dr. Jagadish Pokhrel concluded that meeting
saying that democratic socialism is indispensable for
Nepal's political, social, economic and cultural development.
Source: Gorkhapatra (4 September 2016)
running under democratic socialist system: Dr Mahat <Top>
Kathmandu, Sept 3: Nepali Congress leader Dr Ram Sharan
Mahat today said the country was moving ahead on path
of democratic socialism.
Speaking at an interaction on 'Democratic Socialism base
for Nepal's development' organized by Centre for Consolidation
of Democracy (CCD) and FES here, Dr Mahat attributed the
rural sector's access towards motorway, education, health
and drinking water to democratic socialism.
The leader also emphasized that Nepali Congress had played
a significant role in democratic socialism's development
and expansion in the country.
On the occasion, CPN (UML) Deputy General Secretary, Ghanashyam
Bhusal, said democratic socialism cannot be protected
with the trend of buying votes in election and paying
for drinking binges. "There is need for unity among
the political parties for defending democratic socialism,"
Nepali Congress central member, Kalyan Gurung, accused
the leaders of forgetting about democratic socialism after
reaching power positions. He added that the democracy
cannot be institutionalized by keeping the people in deficiency
and nation in crisis.
Nepal Student Union (NSU) President, Nainsingh Mahar,
said the constitution was drafted in line with socialism
hence rules should be formulated on the same basis. RSS
Source: Image Khabar (3 September 2016)
Tika Kharel, Sainamaina
On the initiative of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung two-day
civic awareness seminar began at Sainamaina College. The
program discussed on the issues that educational curriculum
must be formulated to make education life-oriented, civic
and public oriented so that it helps to strengthen democracy,
fosters the sovereignty of people and links politics to
policy making and public morality. It can help improve
social standards and make citizens loyal to the state.
In the program, experts discussed about addressing national
and local questions, spirit of the age, adoption of appropriate
technology and economy to make society ecologically sustainable
and development able to foster ecological, social , gender
and intergenerational justice.
In the first day of the program head of Nepal FES Dev
Raj Dahal highlighted on the essence of civic education
to make active citizen, challenges to building modern
state and offered their solutions. Similarly, senior constitutional
expert Kashi Raj Dahal explained the main contents of
2015 Constitution for nation-building while Chief District
Officer of Rupandehi Bishnu Prasad Dhakal appreciated
the program for civic awareness building.
District Education Officer Tek Bahadur Thapa said that
educational access of the poor and quality education are
key elements to nurture civic disposition and skills and
strengthen democracy in the country.
In the two-day program Dr. Chandra Dev Bhatta and Kashi
Raj Dahal spoke about the universal principles of democracy
and explained about civic lesions through practical examples.
In the program over 180 persons including 45 headmasters,
campus teachers, representatives of political parties,
civil society, representatives of various social organizations,
students and active citizens took part in the meeting.
Representative of Ministry of Education Dhundi Raj Bhandari
chaired the session while sociologist Shiva Raj Dahal
moderated the program. Forty percent of the participants
Source: Sainamaina Sandesh (20 August 2016)
system producing two classes of citizens <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Boharatar, Sindhuli, July 13: Experts have warned that
the existing education system was creating to economic
classes in the society with the adoption of neo-liberalization
"Those with the fat purse can send their wards to
the expensive schools but the poor parents are unable
to provide quality education to their children. As a result,
it has created fault lines in the society," they
said, speaking at a seminar entitled 'the Civic Education
in the National Context' jointly organised by the NEFAS
and FES Nepal office other day at Boharatar of Jhangajholi
They also underlined the importance of civic education
to educate the people about their rights and duties in
Former Vice-Chairman of Planning Commission Dr Gunanidhi
Sharma said that blind persuasion of neo-liberal economic
policies had weakened the state and gave upper hand to
the private sector, which was not honest towards the people
and the nation.
"Health, education and drinking water are the public
utilities that the state is obliged to ensure these facilities
for the citizens," he said.
Dr Sharma said that privatization has left the students
belonging to the lower class high and dry. "It is
creating two classes of citizens, and this trend must
NEFAS executive director Ananda Shrestha said that the
time had come for the youth to assume the leadership role
to bring economic transformation.
He said that frequent strikes had negatively affected
the education sector.
FES Programme Officer CD Bhatta said that the existing
education system had failed to link life with the world.
"It is neither producing knowledge nor giving employment
to the youth."
He said that the civic education promoted positive thinking
and taught the people to respect labour.
NEFAS Programme Coordinator Shivaraj Dahal said that
the civic education opened up the horizon of the people.
"It converts the people into citizens, enabling
them to defy the political highhandedness and societal
anomalies," added Dahal.
Lawyer Roshan Pokharel said that 31 fundamental rights
enshrined in the new constitution were its positive attributes
and needed to be implemented to bring about changes to
the life of the people.
Dev Kumar Acharya, principal of Pragatisheel Higher Secondary
School, the education system did not impart moral education
to the students.
Chairman of Pragatisheel Higher Secondary School Management
Committee Chandra Bahadur Shrestha said that the teachers
should instill a sense of ethic into the students.
Programme coordinator Arun Kumar Singh highlighted the
objective of the one-day seminar attended by the teachers,
representatives of political parties, local intellectuals,
farmers and students.
Samiksha Acharya, a student, said: "The poor students
like me have no chance to be a doctor and engineer in
this country. Is education the property of the rich? We
have also dream but the state has shown a height of indifferent
to the offspring of the poor."
Source: The Rising Nepal (14 July 2016)
trying to stifle press freedom, says Lekhak <Top>
Published: July 06, 2016 3:37 am
Nepali Congress central committee member Ramesh Lekhak
has accused the government of trying to control the media
and stifle press freedom.
Speaking at an interaction 'Media in the mediation of
social cleavages' organised in the capital today, Lekhak
said the government wanted to control free flow of information
through the online media directive.
In the name of online media directive, the government
wants to stifle press freedom," he said. The program
was jointly organised by Nepal Press Union and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
He said the government itself was the biggest hurdle to
implementing the constitution.
Prakash Rimal, editor of The Himalayan Times presented
a papers entitled 'Challenges Nepali media face' at the
Source: The Himalayan Times (5 July 2016)
to problems of working class <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, July 3: Experts, politicians and trade union
leaders Sunday said that the state was indifferent to
the problems of working class people that make up around
half of the population of the nation.
They highlighted the role of workers in the political
movements and their plight in the context of the crisis
of welfare state.
"Workers participated in every democratic movement
but they are immediately left in the lurch," they
said, adding that spirit of welfare state could not be
realised until their basic needs and aspirations were
They shared their views at a seminar 'the power of political
networks: trade unions and the crisis of welfare state'
jointly organised by the CLASS Nepal and FES, Nepal office
They noted that the new statute had oodles of progressive
contents to usher the nation in the welfare state but
it sorely lacked the enabling structures, political will
and consensus needed to build an egalitarian state.
FES Nepal Office head Dev Raj Dahal said that the new
statute had not envisioned a Labour Commission despite
the fact that it contained many other commissions because
the workers could not strongly lobby for it.
"The working class is deemed as the weakest section
of the society so their voices were not heard in the corridors
of power," said Dahal, adding that neo-liberalisation,
globalization and IT-driven economy had vitiated the trade
unions movement and their solidarity worldwide.
He called for 'producing organic intellectuals' to keep
parasites at bay and build Nepal anew based on the indigenous
knowledge and resources.
CPN-UML secretary Yogesh Bhattarai said the political
revolution was over and the phase of reconstruction had
"The political parties have used the people merely
as a vote bank. Therefore, they should be active and keep
vigil on the activities of the parties," he said.
Nepali Congress central committee member Guru Raj Ghimire
said that the political parties had not fully transformed
themselves into true democratic forces.
"Democracy also means good conduct and culture but
political and civil society leaders still suffer depressions,"
Naya Shakti spokesman Khim Lal Devkota said that it was
a time to rethink as old mindset could not bring prosperity
to the nation.
National Planning Commission member Gopinath Mainali said
that it was necessary to socialize opportunities and promote
people's participation to minimize economic disparity.
The FES Programme Officer CD Bhatta underscored the need
for strengthening family values to create welfare state.
"It is imperative to free from old mindset for the
democratic transformation of the society."
CLASS Nepal president Lekha Prasad Burlakoti said that
once the problems of working class people were addressed,
many of social woes would automatically disappear.
Experts Pitambar Bhandari and Shrawan Sharma presented
their working papers at the seminar attended by trade
union activists, representatives from different political
parties, students and media persons.
Source: The Rising Nepal (4 July 2016)
Consensus in needed for the implementation of Constitution
Kathmandu June 17. Senior leader of Nepali Congress Ram
Chandra Poudel said that Nepali Congress is seeking consensus
not for power sharing but the execution of federal democratic
constitution. Inaugurating the two-day seminar organized
by women's department of Nepal Press Union in Kathmandu
Poudel said that government is requested by the party
to move forward in the implementation of constitution
prepared under the leadership of Nepali Congress through
the preparation of a schedule.
He accused the government of moving in monopolistic way.
He said such a tendency cannot create an environment of
trust for national consensus. He also requested Madhesi
parties to come to talk with positive environment and
NC can provide leadership for a consensus between the
government and agitating force. He also said that it is
a dangerous situation to control press freedom. Central
Committee member of NC and former Communication minister
Dr. Minendra Rijal expressed that there should not be
any restriction on online journal. But the online journalism
should be made credible and responsible. He said that
there should be a clear distinction between online journalism
The Central Committee member of NC Arjun Narsinga KC
said that capacity building of worm journalist and an
environment of professional security can improve the dignity
of this profession. Congress leader Krishna Prasad Sitaula
argued that Congress should take the leadership in the
implementation of Constitution as it is made by NC. For
this all should come together in the formulation of necessary
NC central committee member Purna B. Khadka said that
if people are not allowed to enjoy the rights granted
in the constitution the country might plunge into multidimensional
conflicts. He said that NC should take lead in the implementation
of Constitution by mobilizing all sectors of society.
In the program Chairam of Nepal Press Council Borna B.
Karki, member of National Information Commission, Kiran
Pokhrel, former Chairman of Gorkhapatra Sansthan Ramesh
Tufan, Nepal Federation of Journalists Dr. Mahendra Bista,
Chairman of Minimum Wage Determination Committee Poshan
KC, Head of FES Dev raj Dahal, Chairperson of Nepal Women's
Association Dila Sangraula, Vice-Chair of Nepal Trade
Union Congress Rama Poudel, etc spoke on the need to take
special initiatives in enhancing the role of women journalists.
In the conference over 200 women journalists associated
with Nepal Press Union attended the meeting. Coordinator
of women front of Nepal Press Union Bala Adhikary said
that the meeting will discuss on the participation and
continuity of women in journalism and stabilization of
Source: The Gorkhapatra Daily (18 June 2016)
is a distributive, not extractive system <Top>
Dhanagadhi, May 28: Political scientist and head of FES
Nepal Dev Raj Dahal said that only active and loyal citizens
can consolidate democracy. Dahal said, "Democracy
is distributive, not extractive system of governance."
There are certain positive and certain negative rights
and democracy is accountable to the people. Since democracy
is a system of compromise it solves identity, ideology
and interest-based problems through dialogue, deliberation
and negotiation and brings the actors in a common platform.
Politics revolves around the aspirations of people and
their right to national self-determination he said this
in a seminar on "Role of Law in Strengthening Democracy"
organized on Saturday at Dhanagadhi. Self-determination
of people in politics makes the state take right direction
while outside manipulation makes it weak. Dahal said that
state should be stronger than non-state actors and continuous
privatization of public sphere only makes the state feeble.
The role of law lies in the replacement of violence. The
advent of democracy has added more rights to Nepali citizens
which requires corresponding duties.
Executive Director of National Law College Dr. Ram Krishna
Timalsena spoke about the need of social transformation
as per the changing rules of life. Political system in
Nepal is neither capitalist nor socialist. Presenting
his paper on the role of law in strengthening democracy
he said that we have taken outside model. The nation is
facing crisis. Can the nation politically afford federalism?
We need to discuss about it. Religion should be in the
private sphere while politics in the public and politics
should be linked to the livelihood of people. But in Nepal
they are operating in opposite direction.
Associate Professor of Nepal Law Campus Ganesh Dutta
Bhatta said that constitutional stability requires change
with continuity. Achievement of political movements should
be consolidated rather than perpetually indulging in agitation.
The Constitution is an article of faith. If it is not
implemented the country will have to face serious crisis.
Presenting his paper on the institutional and constitutional
provisions for the consolidation of democracy he said
that political stability is essential. Nepal always remained
a victim of controlled-instability and had hard times
to consolidate democracy.
Ex-registrar of Far-Western University Prof. Dr. Hemraj
Panta said that economic development is a prerequisite
for democracy consolidation. Main problem of Nepal is
of poverty. Political instability impeded development.
Sustainable democracy demands the benefits of democracy
trickle down at the lower level of society. Campus Chief
of Kailali Multiple Campus Surendra Chanda said that rights
alone is not sufficient the crucial question is the implementation
of constitution. The oppressed people of rural areas should
be given justice. Education and access to resources must
go down to the people at the rural level. He also said
that the people's opinion on state restructuring and federalism
should be included.
Vice-President of Nepal Bar Association Kulananda Upadhayay
said that democratic republic should be institutionalized.
As equality, justice and freedom are the main organs of
democracy their strengthening should accompany the promotion
of independent judiciary. The program was organized under
the chairmanship of Nepal Law College Karna B. Thapa and
Chandra Dev Bhatta welcomed the participants. The program
was jointed organized by Nepal Law College, Constitutional
Foundation and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
Source: Dhanagadhi Post (29 May 2016)
geopolitical interests posing challenges to national security
RITU RAJ SUBEDI
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, May 27: Increased geopolitical interests and
internal conflicts have posed serious challenges to the
national security, experts said at a national seminar
in Kathmandu Friday.
"Security is not just about the absence of fear
but is also related to the livelihood guarantee of life
and the state's ability to exercise legitimate monopoly
of power, which form essential preconditions to subdue
internal chaos, break criminal networks and forge partnership
with international community," they viewed.
The seminar entitled 'Implementation of National Security
Policy in Nepal' was organised against the backdrop of
the recent adoption of national security by the government.
Former Police Council Nepal, the Relief Trust, the Peace
and Development Studies and FES, Office Nepal organised
Opening the seminar, Minister for Home Shakti Basnet called
for synthesizing the universal values of democracy with
the specific needs of the nation to effectively apply
the national security.
"The ICT-induced socio-economic changes, geopolitical
considerations, globalization and seismic political upheavals
have emerged as chief factors in defining national security,"
said Minister Basnet.
He noted that broader national outlook and self-reliant
economy buttressed national security.
"Citizens need to demonstrate patriotic feeling
while the political parties must rise above petty interests
to implement national security robustly," added Basnet.
Echoing Basnet's views, former minister Lal Babu Pandit
said that every Nepali should nurture a feeling of Nepaliness.
"We need to expose those who pursue political career
in the backing of foreign aid and blessing. Neighbouring
nations spend around Rs 200 million to grant scholarships
to the offspring of Nepalese politicians, bureaucrats
and senior security officials," claimed Pandit.
He said that no one had right to demand the secession
of the nation in the name of press freedom or human rights.
FES Nepal Office head Dev Raj Dahal said that the new
security architecture required fulfilling human development,
security-citizens ties, economic, diplomatic, military
and communications effectiveness, anticipatory planning
and security alertness and early disaster preparedness.
"The conventional threat posed by inter-state conflict
has become moderated while intra-state conflicts have
increased with the emergence of critical 'minority' stoked
by both informational revolution and geopolitical penetration.
Now the time has come to bind the fragmentation of Nepalese
society, weaving individuals, families and communities
and strengthening social connections of citizens with
the state," added Dahal.
Vice chair of Former Police Council Nepal Dr Chuda Bahadur
Shrestha said that effective implementation of national
security became urgent in view of several internal challenges
that posed threat to the country's security and sovereignty.
Hiranya Lal Shrestha, Rajendra Thapa, Monish Bajracharya
and Ramesh Bhandari had presented their working papers
at the programme attended by the representatives from
security agencies, bureaucracy, civil society and media.
Source: The Rising Nepal (28 May 2016)
Development Essential for Constitutional Stability
Dirgha Raj Upadhayay
Dhanagadhi: Constitutional and political science experts
say that raising living standards of people is essential
for constitutional stability. They said that several constitutions
in Nepal were terminated in a short span of time owing
to their disconnection with the prosperity of people.
For the stability of the new Constitution focused should
be placed on economic development enabling it to address
some left out issues. In a seminar organized at Dhanagadhi
on the Role of Law in Strengthening Democracy, political
scientists said that all the stakeholders should be engaged
in the implementation of Constitution otherwise unforeseen
consequence will follow. Political systems in Nepal have
been changed owing to their inability to develop the nation,
therefore, the nation should single-mindedly concentrate
on economic development. With the aim of fulfilling people's
aspirations all the stakeholders should concentrate on
the implementation of Constitution. Political scientists
and head of FES Nepal, Dev Raj Dahal said that citizens
should be familiarized with the contents of the Constitution
and the government and political parties should seek to
fulfill the rights of citizens. The nation's progress
suffered because of apathy of citizens. Dahal added that
contextual laws should be formulated and address the nation's
problems. The framework of binary-politics taken from
medieval Europe is outdated to modern times.
Dr. Ram Krishna Timalsina, former registrar of Supreme
Court and Constitutional expert, argued that the Constitution
can be implemented if it improved the livelihood of citizens.
To convert it into people's constitution, its provisions
should be implemented earnestly. Future laws should be
promulgated as per societal requirements. Associate Professor
of Nepal Law Campus warned that if this constitution remains
unimplemented, the nation might have to face the grave
risks. All the stakeholders, therefore, should commit
to implement the Constitution. He added that current Constitution
has included many progressive elements such as secularism,
federalism, republic , independent judiciary, adult franchise,
periodic election, proportional inclusion, social justice
and federalism. The Constitution is promulgated with the
approval of 92 percent of legislators which is no mean
achievement. Prof. Dr. Hem Raj Pant said that previous
regimes were collapsed for not doing development. The
democratic system now should be institutionalized to avert
its alternative which will be disastrous. But achieving
constitutional stability demands alleviating the misery
of people. Only economic progress can ensure democratic
development and positive peace. The achievements so far
have been consumed by creamy lawyer of society at the
top. Chandra Dev Bhatta argued that if people cannot enjoy
democratic dividends, instability ensues. Protection of
the weak is necessary for strengthening democracy. Unconstitutional
behavior must be stopped.
Prof. Surendra Chand said that the Constitution has ensured
enough rights. What is required now is its execution.
Oppressed people do not know what their rights are. Political
parties should impart civic education and simultaneously
foster economic development. Central Vice-President of
Nepal Bar Association Kulananda Upadhayay warned that
grave situation may arise if Constitution is left in limbo
without implementation. We have thrown other systems to
bring democracy. In case it fails what system should we
bring? Therefore, all political parties should direct
their effort in the implementation of Constitution. The
program was jointly organized by Nepal Law College and
FES. In the programs Dr. Ram Krishna Timalsina and Ganesh
Dutta Bhatta presented their papers on the role of law
in strengthening democracy.
Source: Paschim Today Daily (29 May 2016)
still relevant: Leaders <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, May 5: With the failure of market and communist
fundamentalism, Bisheshwar Prasad Koirala's vision of
democratic socialism has gained ground, said the top political
leaders and experts at a national seminar in Kathmandu
They noted that nationalism, democracy and socialism
that BP had espoused some half a century ago have still
relevant as the nation practically entered into the federal,
republican and secular era.
"The nation has come to a sad pass because the parties
neglected BP's thoughts," they shared their views
at the second national conference of BP Thought Academy.
The FES Office Nepal extended the support to the event.
The conference has the theme of prosperous, self-reliant
and strong nation.
Nepali Congress president and former prime minister Sher
Bahadur Deuba said that BP's thoughts would continue to
guide the party in the years to come.
"He was a towering and inspirational figure in the
Nepalese politics and the NC continues to follow them,"
He noted that BP had stressed the development of villages,
which also laid the foundation of development of the nation
as a whole.
CPN-UML leader and former Prime Minister Madhav Kumar
Nepal said that orthodox capitalism and communism fell
on the stony ground and therefore socialism should be
based on the ground reality.
"Socialism cannot be realized through rhetoric and
verbose. It requires true commitment and action,"
he said and added that the nation's immense hydropower
potentiality could be tapped by promoting cooperatives."
Rastriya Prajatantra Party leader Dr Prakash Chandra
Lohani said that BP should not be limited to any party.
"The nation did not see the economic take-off as
we failed to embrace BP's thoughts."
BP Thought Academy president Haribol Bhattarai said that
the nation was in bad shape because of the neglect of
"National prosperity and social justice form the
basis of socialism," he said.
FES Nepal office head Dev Raj Dahal said that nationalism
promoted national thought and converted the small identities
into a national vision.
"In order to strengthen people's sovereignty, the
nation should have ownership of political, legal and development
policies. The nation has become weak as the mediating
forces have been enfeebled. Constitutional enlightenment
and strong political is a must to evolve dynamic system
and solve the national problems," added Dahal.
Academy general secretary Devendra Poudel said that around
250 delegates and 50 observers are attending the three-day
conference that will deliberate on development discourse,
the inner contents of statute and BP's policies.
Academy general secretary Pradeep Koirala and Treasurer
Trilochan Poudel will present their reports at the conclave
Source: The Rising Nepal (6 May 2016)
capital and labour: Experts <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, April 4: Experts and trade union activists
have called for collaborative approach to effectively
implement the UN guiding principles on business and human
They shared their view at a seminar entitled 'UN Guiding
Principle on Business and Human Rights: Trade Union Concern'
jointly organised by the Union Networks International
(UNI) and CLASS Nepal in Kathmandu Monday.
The participants were mainly focused on the role of stakeholders
to translate 13 guiding principles on business and human
rights endorsed by the Human Rights Council in 2011.
The principles chiefly carry three premises - state is
obliged to respect, protect and fulfill human rights;
the business enterprises are required to comply with all
applicable laws and respect human rights, and adoption
of effective remedies if these rights and obligations
Brother Christopher NG, Regional Secretary, UNIO APRO
underlined the need for collective responsibility to implement
"If we fail to implement these principles, exploitations
and abuses continue to perpetuate. Therefore, all should
unite to translate them into practice," he added.
FES, Nepal Office head Dev Raj Dahal said that the state
must seek to abolish the state of anarchy, enforce rule
of law, protect human rights and take appropriate steps
through effective policies, laws regulations and adjudication
against rights abusers including the business enterprises-
both state owned and private. "The state, business
and trade unions can collaborate on fair wage, social
protection and dignity of works."
Trade Union Policy Institute director Umesh Upadhaya
stressed on collaboration and participation to implement
the UN guiding principles.
Shankar Lamichhane, president of UNI-National Leadership
Centre, the guiding principles needed to be taken forward
to resolve conflict between the business and labour.
CLASS Nepal president Lekha Prasad Burlakoti was of the
view that the trade unions had opportunity to make optimal
utilization of the guiding principles for the cause of
working class people.
A host of speakers, including Hemanta Dawadi of Sammbridhi
Foundation, Rajendra Acharya of NCL, Khilanath Dahal of
NTUC and Ganesh Regmi of ANTUF also expressed their views
at the seminar.
Source: The Rising Nepal (5 April 2016)
key to democratise society <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Mahadevsthan (Kavrepalanchowk), Mar. 31: Experts have
urged the citizens to be imbued with cardinal values of
civic education so that they can play critical role to
democratise society and clean up the politics.
"Civic education enlighten the people about their
rights and duty, ultimately transforming them into awakened
citizens, who possess moral fibre and strength to knock
bad politicians off their perch," they said at a
seminar entitled 'Civic Education: Present National Context'
organised at Dedithumpko Higher Secondary School, Mahadevsthav
The programme was jointly organised by the Nepal Foundation
for Advanced Studies (NEFAS) and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
They were of the view that civic education had become
a necessary intellectual instrument to evolve the nation
into a robust, sovereign and prosperous republic in the
aftermath of the promulgation of historic constitution.
National Planning Commission former vice-chair professor
Guna Nidhi Sharma said that India's malign intention and
hegemonic policy towards Nepal created repeated hurdles
to development drives it had been pursued for the last
more than half a century.
"Added to it, fatal neo-liberalisation and free
market economy, which the post-1990 government adopted
impetuously, put the country's economy in shambles,"
Sharma said that pro-market mantra that 'the might is
right' alienated the people from the state, leaving them
in the lurch.
FES Office Nepal head Dev Raj Dahal said that civic education
aimed at liberating people from their infantile behaviour
and self-ordination, and transform them into awakened
citizens and human beings.
'Civic education is praxis- the use of critical knowledge
to shape positive attitude towards the nation and polity
and create norms that are socially binding," he said.
According to him, civic education offers chance to the
Nepali citizens to converse with power elites on equal
terms and create a common ground for cooperative action.
"It, in this sense, seeks to foster normative consensus
over democratic values across the political parties of
various hues and boost state-citizenship ties.'
Professor Ram Kumar Dahal said that Nepal was one of
17 oldest ancient states with the dignified socio-economic
and cultural tradition.
"It is necessary to think retrospectively as to
how we have come to such a pass," he rued.
Dahal urged the people to pay equal attention to their
rights and duty. "The lopsided focus on rights create
anarchist situation as we have seen for decades."
NEFAS programme coordinator Shiv Raj Dahal called for
purging politics of evils and greed that are ruling the
"The politicians have become dealers, not the leaders
of people. They have used politics as a means for minting
money. This egregious practice must be eliminated to democratise
the society," he said, adding that civic education
made man moral, wise and conscious of things happening
in the society.
Principal of Dedithumpko Higher Secondary School Ram
Chandra Lamsal underlined the need for promoting democratic
From the chair, Ganga Kumar Mandal said that the programme
was highly propitious to inform the participants about
the core values of civic education.
Arun Kumar Singh moderated the programme and highlighted
Teachers, representatives from different political parties,
students and local intellectuals participated in the seminar.
Source: The Rising Nepal (1 April 2016)
minister Rai points out need to carry out economic development
Minister for Information and Communications Sherdhan
Rai today stressed the need to take the country on the
path to economic development while implementing the newly
"The constitution has adopted republic, inclusiveness
and secularism while ensuring the rights of people in
mountain, hill and Tarai and Dalits and women among others.
Now we should focus on nation building," he said.
Minister Rai was speaking at a symposium on 'civic education
for citizen, women's rights' here in the Capital.
He said that the country has got two women to the topmost
posts of President and Speaker with the promulgation of
the constitution, which he said is a progressive move.
"Now next agendas should be of the post-quake reconstruction,
economic development, good-governance and prosperity,"
On Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli's scheduled China visit
starting Sunday, he said that the visit would reach a
new height on the basis of mutual understanding, faith
and respect between Nepal and China.
Also on the occasion, lawmaker and Nepali Congress central
member Min Bishwokarma said that capacity and intelligence
of people should not be weighed on the basis of gender,
caste and geography.
Likewise, Election Commission Commissioner Ila Sharma
said that it is sad for women to suffer gender discrimination
even in the 21st century. RSS
Source: ShareSansar (20 March 2016)
PM Oli's China
visit begins today: Visit would take Nepal-China ties to
new height, says Rai <Top>
By A Staff Reporter
Kathmandu, Mar 19: Leaders and experts have called for
promoting civic education to educate people about their
rights and duties in the society.
Speaking at a seminar 'Civic Education and Women Rights'
jointly organised by the Modern Kanya Multiple College
and FES, Nepal office here Saturday.
Minister for Information and Communications Sherdhan
Rai said that Nepal would not play either Chinese or Indian
card while expanding its ties with its neighbours.
Rai said that Prime Minister KP Oli's visit to India
helped clear misunderstandings besetting the two nations
while his China visit would take Nepal-China relations
to new heights.
Rai, who is also the government spokesman, said that
the government was going to hold talks with the Nepali
Congress in a bid to muster its support to the nation
He said that women's rights had been well scripted into
the new statute and now they should assert their role
as outlined by the national charter.
Minister Rai said that the phase of struggles, sacrifices
and hardships of women was over. "From now onward,
they should roll up their sleeves to implement the statute
to ensure their place at the decision-making level."
He noted that the nation had braced up for attaining
prosperity and good government with the promulgation of
the new statute that has guaranteed the rights of all
marginalized groups, castes and regions.
"It is not time to fuss about but to implement the
statute in letter and spirit," he said, adding that
civic education would play a vital role to generate awareness
among the people about their rights and duty.
Head of FES office Nepal, Dev Raj Dahal said that the
gap between knowledge and wisdom in Nepal had widened,
fuelling tension in human life.
"In this context, civic education seeks to bridge
this gap for the promotion of good citizen not through
rigorous scheduled educational courses but enabling them
to carry on democratic deliberation," he said.
Dahal said that civic education is also praxis for linking
democratic values, and institutions to practical activities
to help resolve the problems of everyday life of society,
reform social evil and irrationalities, maintain clean
and green environment and enable citizens and leaders
become capable of taking independent decisions.
Election Commissioner Ila Sharma said that economic and
political rights were key to uplift the position of women
in the society.
"I urge women to be either conscious voters or not
to be used by the leaders. They must not detach themselves
from politics," said Sharma, adding that civic education
needed to be promoted to generate awareness among the
Nepali Congress central committee member and lawmaker
Min Bishwokarma underlined the need for setting standards
to define merit, and linking rights with duty.
Chairman of Modern Kanya Multiple College Ram Prasad
Dahal said that education was the key to attaining all
sorts of rights of women.
College principal Sabin Pokharel said that despite relentless
struggle, the women had not reached top position of leadership.
The one-day seminar also saw three working papers from
experts on the given theme. The college's students and
the people from different walks of life attended the function.
Source: The Rising Nepal (20 March 2016)